The Three Investigative tools used by Law-Enforcement vs. Your Criminal Defense Investigator

Written By: Licensed Certified Criminal Defense Investigator: Paris London

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  1. The first tool is a common law-enforcement technique, the use of Confidential Informants!

 Often times many cases are started with misinformation, and misdirection which all comes from confidential informants. Some are smart and savvy but for the most part all are looking for something in return. Law-enforcement officers thrive off of the words of a confidential informant. Many cases are fabricated and constructed through false truths and misguided information provided to a law-enforcement officer by a snitch. For the most part, snitches are either in a situation trying to help themselves out of doing jail time by providing substantial assistance. This is done solely by providing information for monetary gain When law-enforcement provides you information in discovery, they use the following:


CI- Confidential Informant

CS-Cooperating Source

CSI-Confidential Source of Information

CC-Cooperating Co-defendant

SOI- Source of Information

As a defendant, it essential to question and put under a microscope through investigation each and every statement that was provided to law-enforcement by one of these individuals. Remember somebody or a third party has to corroborate the information that was provided to law-enforcement. Question everything for example; times, places, amounts, information provided, everything!!! Law-enforcement officers believe in their informants and they will file documents in court without even investigating the information provided by snitches. They will swear to the information in affidavits in Federal Court documents that was provided by confidential informants is true. Also ,on many occasions in order to obtain the use of other investigative tools ,law-enforcement agents provide in sworn documents that they have a confidential informant that is providing information. In fact , they do not. In some instances, the statement are fabricated in sworn documents provided to the court! It is essential that you hire a Criminal Defense Investigator to help you question every document provided in discovery about a Confidential Informant.

Cooperating informants are usually caught in the web of criminality and face possible incarceration for their acts. They choose to bargain for consideration when sentencing is imposed. Their reliability and interest provide a criminal defense investigator with the best possible data-gathering sources , Such informants know that their necks are on the line if they are caught by the criminal subculture. However, if they do not perform to government’s expectations, incarceration is inevitable. They are in the untenable position of serving two masters. Participating informants usually work with the police and with consent of the prosecutor. In some instances, they perform with the knowledge of the court. Their cooperation may be rewarded by minimum sentences or, in some instances, probation.

  1. The second tool is the use of Wiretaps!

When filing for authorization to obtain the use of a wire the common practice for law-enforcement officers is to use an affidavit filed with information provided by confidential informants. They always have a blanket statement relating to the inadequacies of their investigative techniques and how without the granting of an order from a judge their investigation cannot go forward. When you are the defendant in a wiretap case, you have to review all of the following to determine if the wire is legal:

Request for a Wiretap

Application for a Wiretap

Order for a Wiretap

Affidavit in support of the Application for a Wiretap

Orders for the extension of a Wiretap

To investigate your case involving a wiretap you need a Criminal Defense Investigator to listen to the wire with you! You can’t go to trial without listening to each and every telephone call that was caught on the wire. To be honest you can’t even start investigating your case until you have listen to the wire with a professional that you trust. In order to expose the inconsistences inside of the wiretap, the indictment, and the affidavit provided to the court by the law-enforcement officers that investigated your case. If you ever find yourself involved in one of these cases remember one essential thing. As long as everyone that is charged in the indictment goes to trial the government is going to have a hard time trying to prove the conspiracy charge that was charged in the indictment. Depending on what investigation is done several people will win at trial.

  1. The third tool is a proffer session/ debriefing!

A proffer session sometimes called a “Queen for a day” is an exchange of information between you, the suspect and law enforcement. Which is essentially a chance for you to go in and talk to law-enforcement that investigated your case. This is never a good idea although your lawyer, and the government make it very inviting by expressing to you that you will not be prosecuted for what you talk about with them. Also, you will be given a letter of immunity just so you can sit down an talk about allege criminal activity that you were involved in, and any criminal activity that you may know about someone else. If you decide to attend the debriefing session, you ultimately end up taking a plea. If you attend the debriefing and decide to go to trial ,the government will attempt to use what you said against you in some form or faction. You knohw the age old adage “What you say can and will be used against you” so why give the government ammunition to use. But if you think about it ,if they really did their job they would not need to talk to you about anything!!!

A Defense Investigator Investigates Law-Enforcements Investigation of your case!

A criminal defense investigator serves an important role in a criminal defense investigation. In this case, that role is to find witnesses and evidence that will establish reasonable doubt.   Moreover, this will show the jury that there is reason to believe that the defendant is not actually responsible for committing the crime. When a criminal defense attorney uses a criminal defense investigator in a criminal defense investigation, that defense investigator will take the time to understand the charges and the laws that relate to the crime. Once there’s an understanding of the case in question, the criminal defense investigator will go over the entire discovery that the defense team has received from the prosecutor with the client. During the course of the criminal defense investigation, the defense investigator will go through routine reports from the police, everyday paperwork as well as copies of evidence, photographs, and telephone messages, text messages. Wiretaps, videos, tape recordings and witness statements related to the case. The goal of this is to determine whether or not there are any inconsistencies from one witness to the next or between the conclusions drawn and the evidence. In addition, during a criminal defense investigation, a defense investigator must re-visit the crime scene to see if there was anything that had been overlooked. Must take pictures, and videos from the defense perspective so the defense will have their own crime scene pictures and videos and not use the governments taken by the crime scene technician. He or she may also interview witnesses to see if their stories have changed or to verify that they do not have anything else that motivated their statements against the defendant.
Inconsistencies and ulterior motives that a criminal defense investigator discovers during the course of a criminal defense investigation may be able to be used as a part of the client’s defense. Similarly, if during the course of the criminal defense investigation a defense investigator discovers that there are other witnesses who had not come forward or evidence that was not considered previously, he or she can then look into these developments further.
In some cases, that may mean that a search is conducted to find these other witnesses. In other cases, it may mean conducting interviews or doing background searches. In others, there may be other parts of the criminal defense investigation that are assigned to a defense investigator tasks that he or she is uniquely qualified for and that will keep the defense lawyer free to focus on the legal proceedings and other cases that they have. “Remember Lawyers Don’t Investigate”

Defense Investigators is one of the leading Criminal Defense Investigation firms in the United States. We are acquainted with diverse cultures and this agency has special access and an intimate understanding of the minority community, which has cultivated our unique niche in the field of criminal investigation. We are mitigation experts.

The most important part of a criminal case is at the beginning, you need to start investigating your case right NOW!!!! Defense Investigators is here for your criminal investigative needs. Call us now so we can start working on your FREEDOM.

Paris London is a licensed Certified Criminal Defense Investigator. As devoted career criminal defense investigator, he has unwaveringly devoted his practice to the defense of state, and federal criminal cases and other federal matters since 1995. He has also investigated over 1000 criminal cases federal and state and has provided defense investigative services in all types of criminal cases through out the United States. Contact him 877.202.8787 or on the web:, or or . He has offices throughout the Unites States.                


The Three Investigative tools used by Law-Enforcement vs. Your Criminal Defense Investigator

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